Pictures are the tangible traces of our visual world. They are the materialisation of a classifiable and datable object, a vocabulary of expressions that affect and reflect our history. Pictures are artefacts that bear witness to the act of human production, testifying the choices and qualities of techniques and strategies. They are produced for and within a cultural space and embed traditions, trends, and meanings through their iconographic and aesthetic choices. Pictures reflect their contemporary knowledge dynamics; they express the identity of a social landscape and serve as a communication device.„Nicola Carboni: A data-driven approach to the study of images circulation“ weiterlesen
According to a standard definition in information technology, an ontology is “a formal specification of a shared conceptualisation of a domain of interest”. The domain of social life is quite relevant not only for historical research but of course more generally for humanities and social sciences. It is therefore evident how interesting it would be to develop a widely used ontology for this domain, with different degrees of abstraction, allowing interoperability of research data in line with the FAIR principles. As a matter of fact we can observe that many projects model and produce data about social roles of persons, memberships in groups, economic and political activity, trends and conflicts in public opinion and societies, etc. The challenge appears then to find a conceptualisation that offers a high-level model of social life allowing for the integration of information in this domain of discourse, with an approach that is sufficiently robust to be accepted and used by specialists from different scientific disciplines.„Francesco Beretta: Modelling Social Life: an Extension of CIDOC CRM“ weiterlesen
The talk will introduce results on the development of an ontology to describe medieval and early modern painted walls and ceilings which used heraldry as a main component of their iconographic program. The purpose of the ontology is to represent the visual structure of such paintings – i.e. how certain coats of arms and other imagery were spatially placed on them – while also modelling their historical context. The overall goal is to enable a data-driven analysis of heraldic murals to better understand the function and usage of this european phenomenon.„Philipp Schneider: Putting visual sources into context: Towards an ontology to analyze medieval heraldic murals and ceiling paintings“ weiterlesen
This talk presents early results on the development of an urban gazetteer useful for Spatial Humanities. The digital gazetteer can store historical place information and is designed with the CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model (CRM) as the upper-level ontology. In accordance with the FAIR approach, the gazetteer data is available as Linked Open Data and can be queried using (Geo)SPARQL.„Vincent Ducatteeuw: Developing an urban gazetteer: modelling historical platial information“ weiterlesen
This talk presents results on developing an Ontology of Narratives of the Middle Ages (ONAMA) on the basis of exemplary text and pictorial sources of the Argonaut Saga. ONAMA enables cross-media research into the narratives and thus allows to overcome disciplinary boundaries between pictorial and textual traditions.„Peter Hinkelmanns/Manuel Schwembacher: ONAMA – Annotating Medieval Narratives using Linked Open Data“ weiterlesen
Vollständiger Titel: „Semantic Web in den Geschichtswissenschaften – Welche Bedeutung hat die methodische Entwicklungsgeschichte dieser Technologie auf die gegenwärtige historische Forschung und wie können frühere Diskurse nutzbar gemacht werden? Eine Untersuchung der methodischen Möglichkeiten und Konsequenzen.“
Im Mittelpunkt meiner Masterarbeit steht die ursprünglich fachfremden Technologien des Semantic Web und die Frage, welche methodischen Konsequenzen in deren Entwicklungsgeschichte für ihre Anwendung in der geschichtswissenschaftlichen Forschung stecken. Dabei wird auch der Ursprung dieser Erweiterung des Web von Bedeutung sein. Doch waren semantische Festschreibungen und deren Verbindungen zueinander auch immer schon Teil des Forschungsdiskurses innerhalb der digitalen Geschichtswissenschaften. Vor allem auch dem Kontextwissen, das Forschende im Laufe ihres Arbeitsprozesses sammeln, kommt hierbei eine besondere Rolle zu. Damit verbunden ist die übergeordnete Fragestellung nach der Verbindung von methodischen Entwicklungen, also nach den wissenschaftlichen Forschungstendenzen, und dem technologischen Fortschritt.
The last session of the Data for History Conference 2021 was a panel discussion between Ariana Ciula (King’s College London), Francesca Tomasi (University of Bologna), Harald Sack (Leibniz Institute for Information Infrastructure Karlsruhe) and Francesco Beretta (University of Lyon) on ‘Historical data and interoperability / Quo vadis interoperability’. The opening speech was held by one of the conference’s co-hosts, Torsten Hiltmann (Humboldt University of Berlin), who also took on the role of moderator for the following discussion.„Jascha Schmitz: Report on the conference – “Data for History 2021” – Day 7 (30 June 2021)“ weiterlesen
Session 13 – Integrating Different Medialities
Øyvind Eide and Zoe Schubert (University of Cologne) opened with a presentation on their project Kompakkt, entitled “Space, time, and agents in theatre: Digital documentation of the transience of performances through theatrical agents in time and space”.
First, Øyvind Eide introduced the main features of the meaning of space in theatre: While in the text spatiality is represented by linguistic expressions, in performance both the existing spatiality of the stage (and beyond) and linguistic expressions represent space. Hence, concerning theatre, different forms of documentation are necessary for both categories. Many decisions have to be made and ways found to encircle the non-existent centre of documentation, the performance itself, in order to make it part of a (theatre) collection.
Secondary objects and materials are used for this, such as notes, drawings, audio and video recordings. Digital methods now offer the possibility to make these objects/artifacts more available, describable and linkable.
To this end, they have developed Kompakkt, an online repository where artifacts used in performances are digitally available and explorable. For this purpose, they used a selection of artifacts from the theatre collection of the University of Cologne.
Session 12 – Data from Annotated Texts
The sixth day of the Data for History conference started with Cristina Vertan’s (University of Hamburg) presentation “Representing vague and uncertain historical data on places people and events in historical texts – a case-study of historical texts of Dimitrie Cantemir”. The main focus was on the texts and translations of the universal researcher Dimitrie Cantemir, who was the only one to write a history on the Balkan region from a western perspective. The original work was written in Latin and translated into other languages only in the 18th century. Since there was no word for word translation, the project is now dedicated to such translations. It combines hermeneutic methods with the methods of computer science. There are three directions of investigation: reliability, consistency and vagueness. First, a model with a knowledge base was developed, which also takes into account vague or uncertain places and persons. After that, the detection was done, e.g. to annotate linguistic marks for uncertain places in each of the available languages, followed by the visualization. One of the central points of the modeling was the creation of an ontology. With this ontology, one can now answer queries about the translations and texts, while taking ambiguities into account. The presentation highlighted the complexity of working with texts and translations.„Julia Pabst, Anna Grönig: Report on the conference – “Data for History 2021” – Day 6 (23 June 2021)“ weiterlesen
The fifth day of the Data for History conference started with the keynote Social Semantic Annotation: Linking People and Places in the Pelagios Digital Ecosystem by Rebecca Kahn (University of Vienna). This talk was about the experience from the Pelagios project on building a method and a community in and around the use of linked geo-data for working with historical sources. Rebecca Kahn’s talk focused not on the methods of the project, but on the community and network around it.
Pelagios is a Network that connects a method and a community with digital resources. Part of the project consists of providing the Recogito and Peripleo, a search engine for Linked Data.
Pelagios consists of four different founders, an investigative team and many other people involved from different directions (GLAM, students, etc.) The Network was built on the premise of openness regarding data, technology and the community.